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Elements of the Perfect Block Play Areas for Children

Block Play is a favourite area for children's play, both indoors and outdoors. Adding a few key elements can extend imagination and engagement between children and their peers.

Written by: Bellbird  

Blocks and block play are usually a much loved favourite activity for children in any early childhood setting. 


While younger children may mouth them as a way of getting familiar with them, before learning to stack and tip them over, delighting in the loud banging and crashing sounds that can be made - it can be a very different story when it comes to older children's planning and developing superstructures, that often are requested not be touched! 


Ideal for teaching and learning early mathematical skills, blocks are essential tools in assisting the understanding of how things work, why they work, and possibly why they don't. 


Trying to explain the physics behind block and structural building isn't always simple, but in a child's eyes, the explanation comes from the discovery phase of trial and error. 


Sorting, stacking and arranging blocks to fit in just the right ways allows invitations for children to try things without always a firm intention or expectation. 


One of the many bonuses of block play is that whole cities and towns could be imagined and created. 



Another is the multiple ways children think to use and incorporate them into their play in the most inventive ways. 


What an adult might see is a arc-shaped block, stacked amongst several others, varying slightly in size, with one function. 


Children find it intuitive to utilise them in many other ways, often to correspond with their play. 


Many children use blocks to represent mobile devices such as phones and Ipads just like the ones they or the adults around them have. 


Encouraging this creativity can be extended simply, by inviting children to make a paper keyboard to stick on the top of a block to represent the numbers or apps that would fit on the screen. 


Different-sized blocks can be used to create new surfaces at heights that might suit children who don't always want to sit at a table. 


For younger children block play is an opportunity to develop dexterity and hand-eye coordination, especially in the company of adults who encourage their exploration as they develop persistence and memory recall skills at the same time. 




Measurement, fractions, numbers, one-to-one correspondence, balance, and structural integrity.


Emergent literacy is supported by block play as children are introduced to the mathematical language, engineering terms, and architecture supported by research using the internet, posters, and books. They can create their plans designing buildings, transport, cities, zoos, or fantasy worlds and make signs to incorporate into the constructions.


Blocks also build resilience and confidence as children negotiate, challenge themselves, reassess, redesign, and rebuild. These experiences can facilitate a positive disposition toward learning as children use words such as have a go and try again. Other social skills such as turn-taking, negotiating, and collaborating are also developed through block play.


For more Block Play resources and ideas visit


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